The Science and Technology Indicators 2016, generated by Colombian Observatory
of Science and Technology (OCyT) show in this edition the main trends and dynam-
ics related to Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for Colombia, where this
information is essential to understand, analysis and evaluate the situation of this
thematic as the bases to define agendas and instruments to promote STI in all sec-
tions of society.
In the version 2016, it includes different indicators of STI that the OCyT has been
calculated year after year as key input to analysis and track of trends in this topic
in Colombia, including the most relevant indicators and other metrics that provide
integral and specific information for take decisions and evaluation of STI in the
The calculation of the STI indicators, it is the result of institutional teamwork
among Colciencias, OCyT and other institutions that have allowed the capture of
relevant and affordable data from methods and techniques based on international
standards that guarantee rigour and relevance of the estimated indicators and
potential uses by different actors of National System of Science, Technology and
Innovation and stakeholders.
The STI indicators and time series produced by the OCyT are built on statistical
standards and principles that allow international comparison. Moreover, the methods
are in a permanent evaluation and update to guarantee changes and improvements
according to international requirements. These indicators are calculated from
perspective of policy makers and decision makers as an input to develop process
and activities related to STI. Finally, every version seeks to include new information
that contributes the analysis of STI in Colombia.
In this version, the book has eleven chapters distributed of following manner:
Chapter 1 denominated expenditure in science, technology and innovation
activities shows key indicators on expenditure and funding of R&D and scientific,
technological and innovation activities from the public and private perspective.
Chapter 2 shows indicators related to education in science and technology in
the country that includes graduates, doctoral formation, national programs of PhD
and master´s programs, scholarships, loans and young researchers as key input to
measure human resources in STI in Colombia.
Chapter 3 includes indicators on national capabilities in science and technology
to determine trends and dynamics of research groups and researchers by OECD field
of science and technology and region.
In Chapter 4, it identifies the main indicators of Call 737 – 2015 that summarizes
the performance of the research groups and Colombian researchers from criteria
related to production and scientific quality.